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    For melasma, the best acid to consider is usually hydroquinone. It’s a potent skin-lightening agent that works by inhibiting melanin production in the skin. Hydroquinone is often recommended by dermatologists for treating hyperpigmentation issues like melasma because of its effectiveness in lightening dark spots and evening out skin tone. However, it’s crucial to use hydroquinone under the guidance of a dermatologist, as it can have side effects like skin irritation or rebound pigmentation if not used correctly.

    In addition to hydroquinone, other acids like glycolic acid and azelaic acid can also be beneficial for melasma treatment. Glycolic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps exfoliate the skin, promoting cell turnover and reducing the appearance of dark spots over time. Azelaic acid, on the other hand, has both lightening and anti-inflammatory properties, making it effective for addressing melasma while also being gentle on the skin. Combining these acids with a comprehensive skincare routine that includes sun protection and gentle cleansing can further enhance their effectiveness in managing melasma.

    Overall, while hydroquinone is often considered the gold standard for treating melasma, it’s important to consult with a dermatologist to determine the best approach for your specific skin type and condition. They can recommend the right combination of acids and skincare products tailored to your needs, ensuring safe and effective treatment for melasma.

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