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    Acne, that pesky skin condition affecting many, is typically caused by three main factors. Firstly, excessive sebum production plays a significant role. Sebaceous glands produce oil to moisturize the skin, but when overactive, they can clog pores, leading to acne. This excess oil creates an ideal environment for acne-causing bacteria, such as Propionibacterium acnes, to thrive.

    Secondly, hormonal fluctuations are notorious acne instigators, especially during puberty, menstruation, and times of increased stress. Hormones like androgens stimulate sebum production, contributing to oily skin and acne flare-ups. Additionally, hormonal shifts can affect the skin’s shedding process, leading to dead skin cells accumulating and clogging pores.

    Thirdly, lifestyle and environmental factors can trigger acne. Poor dietary choices, like high-glycemic foods and dairy, can exacerbate acne due to their potential to increase insulin levels and inflammation. Environmental factors such as pollution and humidity can also contribute by clogging pores and irritating the skin. Moreover, using comedogenic (pore-clogging) skincare or haircare products can worsen acne.

    In essence, acne stems from a combination of factors including sebum overproduction, hormonal imbalances, and lifestyle/environmental influences. Understanding these causes helps in devising effective prevention and treatment strategies for clearer, healthier skin.

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