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    Acne, the pesky skin condition that plagues many, has a few main causes. First and foremost, it’s often driven by excess oil production in the skin, known as sebum. This overproduction can clog pores, creating a perfect environment for acne-causing bacteria to thrive. Additionally, hormonal fluctuations play a significant role, especially during puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy. Hormones like androgens stimulate the oil glands, leading to increased sebum production and thus contributing to acne development.

    Another key factor is the buildup of dead skin cells. When these cells aren’t effectively shed, they can mix with sebum and block pores, leading to the formation of comedones, including blackheads and whiteheads. Furthermore, inflammation plays a crucial role in acne formation. When the pores become blocked, bacteria such as Propionibacterium acnes can multiply, triggering an immune response that results in red, swollen pimples.

    Environmental factors can also exacerbate acne. Exposure to pollutants, high humidity, and certain skincare products can irritate the skin, leading to inflammation and potentially worsening acne. Additionally, diet can play a role for some individuals, particularly high-glycemic foods and dairy products, although the impact varies from person to person. Overall, acne is a multifactorial condition influenced by genetics, hormones, skin type, and external factors, making it a complex issue to address effectively.

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