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    The medical term for acne is “acne vulgaris.” Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition characterized by the formation of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, cysts, and nodules on the skin. It primarily affects areas with a high density of sebaceous glands, such as the face, chest, back, and shoulders. Acne vulgaris is caused by several factors, including excess oil production (sebum), clogged hair follicles, bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes), hormonal fluctuations, and inflammation.

    The severity of acne vulgaris can vary widely, from mild cases with occasional breakouts to severe cases with widespread and persistent lesions. It can have significant psychological and emotional impacts, affecting self-esteem and quality of life. Treatment for acne vulgaris typically involves a combination of topical medications (such as retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, and salicylic acid), oral medications (such as antibiotics, hormonal therapy, and isotretinoin), lifestyle modifications, and professional skincare interventions.

    Managing acne vulgaris often requires a tailored approach based on the individual’s skin type, severity of acne, medical history, and response to treatment. It’s essential to consult a dermatologist for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan to effectively manage acne vulgaris and minimize its long-term effects on the skin.

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